Semitic languages predominate in North Africa, the Horn of Africa and the Middle East (Arabian Peninsula, Iraq, the Syro-Palestinian region). Four of the Hamito-Semitic tongues, Arabic, Hebrew, Coptic, and Syriac, are the languages of Islam, Judaism, and two sects of the Christian faith … Afroasiatic has 5 branches -- Kushitic, Egyptian, Berber, Chadic, and Semitic. Contemporary Africa's Triple Heritage of indigenous, Islamic, and Western legacies is just the modern culmination of a much older Triple Heritage-the heritage of indigenous, Semitic, and Greco-Roman influences on Africa. Corrections? The Semitic languages include Aramaic, Hebrew, Arabic and many other languages. Significant minorities of Semitic speakers exist in Iran and Turkey, in western Europe and North America. proof that the Western Semitic people, the Canaanites, also came from the north in the 4-3 millennia BC. But Warnock has a history of defending less-than-savory characters, such as the anti-Semitic Rev. Linguists do not agree on where South Semitic languages come from. imperfect.) Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Semitic languages constitute a the most populous branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family. It begins to emerge into the annals of written history about the middle of the nineteenth century B.C. This account is from an African man from the Igbo tribe of Nigeria, named Oludah Equiano. The East Semitic languages consist of the extinct Eblaite and Akkadian languages, while the remaining majority of Semitic languages form the West Semitic languages grouping. The term came to include Arabs, Akkadians, Canaanites, Hebrews, some Ethiopians, and Aramaean tribes. This account is from an African man from the Igbo tribe of Nigeria, named Oludah Equiano. A historical account from the 1700’s describes the connection between West Africans and the Israelites. Some claim … AncestryDNA's six new ethnicity regions of West Africa include Senegal, Mali, Ivory Coast/Ghana, Benin/Togo, Nigeria, and Cameroon/Congo, each of which has a … Some linguists also argue that Eteocypriot was a Northwest Semitic language spoken in ancient Cyprus. West Africa: Nigeria, Niger, Benin, Ghana, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic: 43 [year needed] Hutu: Central Africa: Rwanda, Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo: Niger–Congo, Bantu: 15 [year needed] Igbo: West Africa: Nigeria: Niger–Congo, Volta–Niger: 34 (2017) Kanuri: Central Africa: Nigeria, Niger, Chad and Cameroon: Nilo-Saharan, Saharan: 10: Kongo: Central Africa The term was first coined in 1883 by Fritz Hommel.[2][3][4]. Assyria was a Semitic colony, or a series of colonies, from Babylonia. The AncestryDNA science team presented the results of their latest research today at the Smithsonian Institute's symposium on The African Diaspora in Washington D.C. The West Semitic languages are a proposed major sub-grouping of Semitic languages.One widely accepted analysis, supported by semiticists like Robert Hetzron and John Huehnergard, divides the Semitic language family into two branches: Eastern and Western. Of all of the languages in the Afro-Asiatic line, Arabic is the most widely spoken language, stretching from Western Africa to the Middle East (ELL, p.51). It includes monographs, collections of essays, and text editions informed by the approaches of linguistic science. [citation needed] In older classifications, it is grouped with the South Semitic languages. In Phoenicia they became seafarers. Semite, member of a people speaking any of a group of related languages presumably derived from a common language, Semitic ( see Semitic languages ). Three centuries earlier the Arabs had completed their conquest of Africa north of the Sahara and so came into possession of the northern termini of trade routes reaching across the desert to … Although the term Semite connotes ideas of Jewish or Hebrew people, Arabs are also Semitic people. The Amhara trace their origins to the land that modern-day Yemen now occupies. The West Semitic languages are a large branch of Semitic languages. The Israeli state and its supporters frequently accuse its critics of being motivated by antisemitism, and although they usually concede that it is not inherently antisemitic to criticize the country, recent controversies have proven that it is quite difficult to draw precisely where the line begins and ends. Semitic West Eurasian Ancestry in Africa February 6, 2014. The Semitic languages are a branch of the Afroasiatic language family originating from the Middle East. The name of the Mitt originated from the rise of the monotheism in West Asia. Hence, it sometimes happens that countries with lower levels of anti-Semitic attitudes than South Africa may still experience violence. Clearly the original Semites were Africans. The term was first coined in 1883 by Fritz Hommel. Poland, South Africa, Ukraine and Hungary Top List of Most anti-Semitic Countries, Says ADL Survey . The African landscape is dotted with the remnants of walled enclosures of various dimensions in Southern Africa and West Africa. ... Much of the central and western Africa states form part of Francophone Africa, including Morocco, Mauritania, Rwanda, Comoros and Djibouti. They insist that for there to be peace in the Middle East, Palestinians, Arabs and Muslims must become, like the West, anti-Semites by espousing Zionism and recognising Israel’s anti-Semitic claims. Amharic, along with Arabic, ... Much of the central and western Africa states form part of Francophone Africa, including Morocco, Mauritania, Rwanda, Comoros and Djibouti. African Affiliation of Hebrew and Semitic Languages 83 the affiliation of Semitic with various Hamitic groups was, on the surface, far more evident than any possible connection with European, proponents of the Indo-European theory eventually came to include material from … The Amhara, in Ethiopia, are classified as Semitic because of their language and Arabian origins. 2 All these branches, except Semitic, are found only in Africa. It is spoken mainly in northern Nigeria, Niger, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, CAR, Chad, Congo, Eritrea, Germany, Ghana, Sudan, Togo and … Some Semiticists continue to argue for the older classification, based on the distinctive feature of broken plurals. It is the only branch of Semitic languages with languages still spoken. I made a post about this a month or two ago regarding this issue. The original homeland of all ancient Semitic peoples, including Hebrews, was not northern Arabia, as is currently believed, but northwestern Mesopotamia. DNA Ancient Egypt Pharoah’s. However, Hetzron and Huehnergard connect it more closely with the Northwest Semitic languages, to form Central Semitic. The former consists of the extinct Eblaite and Akkadian languages, the latter of the majority of Semitic languages. Sweden, for example, has experienced repeated arson attacks against synagogues even though only four percent of the population was found to harbor anti-Semitic … South Semitic is a putative branch of the Semitic languages.Semitic itself is a branch of the larger Afro-Asiatic language family found in (North and East) Africa and Western Asia. The Semitic languages are spoken in a wide area, including the Middle East, North Africa, and the Horn of Africa. Ancient Semitic-speaking peoples or Proto-Semite people were Western Asian people who lived throughout the ancient Near East, including the Levant, Mesopotamia, the Arabian Peninsula, and the Horn of Africa from the third millennium BC until the end of antiquity. Semitic Branch. Western Semitic / Phoenician Head of the pantheon. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. She reported on the curious use of the "Seal of Solomon" as a standard pattern in ancient fabrics woven in West Africa. They are primarily farmers residing in north central areas of Ethiopia. Alice Faber, "Genetic Subgrouping of the Semitic Languages", in Hetzron, ed., 2013, This page was last edited on 7 November 2020, at 18:38. A historical account from the 1700’s describes the connection between West Africans and the Israelites. Anti-Semitic attitudes have also strengthened in Poland, South Africa and Ukraine since 2015, U.S. watchdog finds; Sweden fared best in annual poll, with only 4 percent of respondents holding anti-Semitic beliefs Updates? Around 6,000- 4,000 years B.C., an ecological catastrophe in the Black Sea area forced the Indo- European tribes to migrate outward in all directions. “Semitic” Languages. November 19, 2020 / 10:06 AM / AP Arab Muslim expansion is also responsible for modern Arabic's presence from Mauritania, on the Atlantic coast of West Africa, to the Red Sea in the northeastern corner of Africa, and its reach south along the Nile River through traditionally non-Semitic territory, as far as the northern half of Sudan, where, as the national language, non-Arab Sudanese even farther south must learn it. It originated as the language of the Hausa people in northern Nigeria and southern Niger, and soon spread as the lingua franca of western Africa due to trade. Egypt is just west of the Red Sea and Mesopotamia is so to the Persian Gulf. [citation needed], The Semitic Languages: An International Handbook, Chapter V, "The subgrouping of the Semitic languages", Die semitischen Volker und Sprachen als erster Versuch einer Encyclopadie der semitischen Sprach- und Alterthums-Wissenschaft, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=West_Semitic_languages&oldid=987541659, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. What 23andme is basically doing is mixing 3 completely different ethnic groups together, and it's creating a lot of problems. Source: From Babylon To Timbuktu One of the biggest deceptions about the “lost tribes” is that they migrated into the world and mixed into the nations. After the 3rd century B.C.E., a process of cross-fertilization among the ancient Egyptians, Nubians, and Aksumites of Africa; their Mediterranean neighbors in Greece; and the Semitic peoples of Western Asia ushered in one of the most dynamic eras of scientific discovery the world has yet known. During World War I, South Africa launched a military campaign and occupied the German colony of South West Africa, current day Namibia. A recent study found that they probably came from Southern Arabia. I've touched on many subjects about Horner / Horn African (Somali, Ḥabesha, Agaw, Oromo, Ari etc.) The material studied will span from the earliest texts to the rise of Islam. Of all of the languages in the Afro-Asiatic line, Arabic is the most widely spoken language, stretching from Western Africa to the Middle East (ELL, p.51). It includes languages spoken predominantly in West Asia, North Africa, the Horn of Africa and parts of the Sahel. The Semitic languages, previously also named Syro-Arabian languages, are a branch of the Afroasiatic language family originating in the Middle East that are spoken by more than 330 million people across much of Western Asia, North Africa and the Horn of Africa, as well as in often large immigrant and expatriate communities in North America, Europe and Australasia. Mesopotamia, the western coast of the Mediterranean, the Arabian Peninsula, and the Horn of Africa have all been proposed as possible sites for the prehistoric origins of Semitic-speaking peoples, but no location has been definitively established. The term Semites is applied to a group of peoples closely related in language, whose habitat is Asia and partly Africa. The other branch of Semitic languages was East Semitic. Arabic is a Semite language, similar to … Then they began to spread south to territories below the equator line. The Arabian Peninsula has the Red Sea to its west and Persian Gulf to its east. 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